Latest Infectious Disease NewsBy E.J. Mundell and Robin Foster
MONDAY, March. 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Two dozen new U.S. cases of coronavirus were reported in multiple states across the country over the weekend, as Washington State officials raced to contain a possible outbreak in one of its cities.
Both Washington State, which recorded the country's second COVID-19 death on Saturday, and Florida, which reported its first two presumptive cases on Sunday, have declared a state of emergency,CNNreported. Meanwhile, five new cases were reported in California.
In just over two days, the U.S. case count has climbed from 65 to 89, CNN reported. Ten states now have coronavirus cases: California, Washington, Massachusetts, Arizona, Illinois, Wisconsin, Oregon, Rhode Island, New York and Florida, the news agencyreported.
On Sunday, Washington state officials raced to contain a possible outbreak in a nursing home in Kirkland, Wash.,CNNreported. The second death in that state was one of four cases that have been confirmed in that facility, bringing the total cases linked to the nursing home to six. More than 50 residents and staff from the facility are experiencing symptoms of COVID-19 and will be tested for the virus, state health officials said. The facility has about 108 residents and 180 staff members,CNNreported.
Scientists say that genetic analysis of the virus in Washington State suggests the coronavirus may have been spreading within the community for as long as six weeks before the first case was detected, theNew York Timesreported.
On Saturday, the Trump administration placed travel restrictions on three foreign countries that are battling COVID-19 outbreaks.
A complete travel ban was issued for Iran, while the highest-level travel advisory was issued for parts of Italy and South Korea. The travel advisory urges Americans to avoid all nonessential travel to affected areas of those two countries.
The U.S. developments came after the World Health Organization on Friday raised its risk assessment of the new coronavirus' spread to "very high." Cases of infection have now been spotted in 65 countries and on every continent except Antarctica.
Also on Friday, Nigeria announced the first case of coronavirus in sub-Saharan Africa, identified in an Italian contractor who fell ill upon returning to his workplace north of Lagos.
"We are on the highest level of alert or highest level of risk assessment in terms of spread and in terms of impact," Dr. Mike Ryan, executive director of WHO's health emergencies program, said during a media briefing in Geneva on Friday. "This is a reality check for every government on the planet: Wake up. Get ready. This virus may be on its way and you need to be ready. You have a duty to your citizens, you have a duty to the world to be ready."
As of Monday, WHO has reported nearly 89,000 cases of coronavirus worldwide, including more than 3,000 deaths, the vast majority of which have occurred in China, where the outbreak began.
In the United States, efforts are underway to prepare for what most experts say is an inevitable large-scale domestic outbreak of coronavirus. On Friday, Health and Human Service Secretary Alex Azar said President Trump might invoke a 1950 Korean War-era law, the Defense Production Act, to ramp up production of medical supplies needed in an outbreak, theTimesreported. Those supplies would include more than 300 million high-tech N95 face masks for use by health care personnel.
The first U.S. case of coronavirus of "unknown origin" -- where a patient who had neither travelled abroad nor had contact with a person already known to be infected -- surfaced in a woman in northern California last Wednesday.
U.S. interventions, global spread
Meanwhile, schools across America are canceling trips abroad and preparing online courses as they brace for the possibility that coronavirus could spread into their communities, theAPreported. Many are also preparing for possible school closures that could stretch for weeks or longer.
On Wednesday, President Trump tapped Vice President Mike Pence to lead the U.S. response to a potential coronavirus pandemic.
Internationally, hopes of containing the coronavirus are fading fast.
South Korea and Iran are each battling major outbreaks of COVID-19. In Europe, a similar fight is raging in Italy, even as new cases were recorded in other European countries, theTimesreported. In Japan, a state of emergency was declared Friday in a northern province because of the growing number of coronavirus cases there, theAPreported. Japan has also taken the unusual step of closing all school for the month of March to protect children.
On Wednesday, Brazil announced that it had identified the first case of COVID-19 in Latin America, and on Friday Mexico announced it had its first two cases.
In Wednesday's press conference in which Trump appointed Pence to head the U.S. response to coronavirus Dr. Anne Schuchat, principal deputy director of the CDC, reminded Americans that the best way to protect themselves and others is to take the same sort of precautions as they would during cold and flu season.
"It's spread through coughs and sneezes, and so those everyday sensible measures we tell people to do every year with the flu are important here -- covering your cough, staying home when you're sick and washing your hands," Schuchat said. "Tried and true, not very exciting measures, but really important ways you can prevent the spread of respiratory viruses."
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SOURCES: Feb. 29, 2020, media briefing with: President Donald Trump; Vice President Mike Pence; U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar, Anthony Fauci, M.D., director, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases; Feb. 28, 2020, media briefing with: Nancy Messonnier, M.D., director, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Associated Press; New York Times
U.S. Coronavirus Cases Rise, as 2nd Death, New Cases in 10 States Reported, Source:http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=228541